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Medicinal Vascular Plant Resources and Their Diversity of Hua Niao Island. 

Journal of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University

WANG, J., PENG, J., & XIONG, Y. 

2017

Journal of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University

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This study was to investigate and analyze the status and diversity of medical vascular resource plant on Hua Niao Island. [Method] This study systematically investigated the medical resource plant and their diversity including species, life types, families, genera, areal-types, medicinal parts and effects of Hua Niao Island based on field work, sample collection and literature search. [Result] The results showed that there was a total of 435 medicinal vascular species belonging to 304 genera and 114 families, among which ferns had 15 families, 21 genera and 24 species; gymnosperms had 5families, 6 genera and 7 species; and angiosperms had 94 families, 277 genera and 404 species. In different life types, herbs and shrubs were two dominant medicinal plants in Hua Niao Island, trees and lianas were less. Dominant families were from Compositae,Gramineae,Fabaceae,Rosaceae,Liliaceae.Polygonum,Sedum,Rosa,Rubus,Artemisia were the dominant genera. The complex and varied areal-types were mainly of tropic elements. The regions of pantropic,north temperate and widespread constituted the main medicinal flora of the area. From the perspective of plant parts used as medicinal materials,herba, radix and rhizoma were the mostly used. By medicinal function classification, the drugs of antipyretics, rheumatism, removing dampness and promoting diuresis, blood-activating and stasis-eliminating were the main types. [Conclusion]This paper analyzed the status and diversity of medical vascular resource plant on Hua Niao Island,and proposed the suggestions that how to protect and utilize it.

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Support

The Liana Ecology Project is supported by Marquette University and funded in part by the National Science Foundation.