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ABSTRACT:

Functional Roles of Lianas for Forest Canopy Animals

Book Chapter

Yanoviak SP

Schnitzer SA

2013

Treetops at Risk

209--214

Lianas are climbing plants with relatively long slender woody stems rooted in soil and extending to the forest canopy where they produce abundant foliage. Like “tree” or “shrub” “liana” refers to a polyphyletic functional group that exhibits considerable structural diversity among taxa (Schnitzer and Bongers 2002). Hundreds of species of lianas exist worldwide and the liana growth form is represented in nearly all major plant families (Putz and Mooney 1991).

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The Liana Ecology Project is supported by Marquette University and funded in part by the National Science Foundation.